Publication Ethics & Malpractice



Perspectiva: A Case Research Journal is a double blind peer-reviewed journal. This statement spells out the ethical behaviour of all the parties involved in the act of publishing an article for this journal, i.e.: the author, the editors, the peer-reviewers and the publisher.


Decision On the Publication of Articles
The Editor- In – Chief and the Members of the Editorial Board of Perspectiva are responsible for deciding which of the articles are accepted for publication after undergoing double blind peer review. Manuscripts shall be evaluated solely on their intellectual merit (academic rigor, originality, clarity and relevance to the journal’s scope)without regard to authors’ race, gender, sexual orientation, religious beliefs, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy. Decisions about publishing are not to be determined by government policies or for that matter any entity outside of the journal itself.


The Editor-In-Chief and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher, as is deemed fit.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by anyone who has a view of the manuscript (while handling it) in his or her own research without the express written consent of the author. Editors should excuse themselves from considering manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest arising from competitive, collaborative or any other connection they may have with the author/s. In such cases other Editorial Board members can step in and handle the manuscript.

Ensuring of Double Blind Peer Review

The editors should ensure that the reviewers don’t know the author’s identity-  any identifying information will be stripped from the document before review, and the author/s too are not aware of the reviewers’ identity. Such double blind peer review would assist the reviewers in making editorial decisions, while editorial communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper. Reviewers’ comments to the editors are confidential and would be made anonymous before passing on to the author. The names of the reviewers would remain strictly confidential; with their identities known only to the Editor-In-Chief and the Editorial Board. While taking a final decision on whether or not to publish a manuscript the Editor-in-Chief may consult with other editors and/or the concerned reviewers.

Involvement and Cooperation in investigations

The Editorial Board is obligated to take necessary actions when ethical concerns are raised (plagiarism, copyright infringement or libel) with regards to a submitted manuscript or a published paper. Any kind of unethical publishing practice would be investigated irrespective of the time elapsed since the date of publishing. If on investigation ethical malpractice is proved, the journal is committed to publish a retraction, correction or an expression of concern as deemed appropriate



Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the assigned manuscript or unable to provide a prompt review should notify the Editor- In – Chief and excuse himself/herself from the review process.


Manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not be shown to, or discussed with others except as authorized by the Editor- In – Chief.

Standards of Objectivity

Reviews should be conducted objectively. There shall be no personal criticism of the author. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that had been previously reported elsewhere should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the Editor- In- Chief and the Editorial Board member’s attention to any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.


Privileged information or ideas obtained through double blind peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage by the reviewers.

Conflict of Interest

Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.


Reporting Standards

Authors of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behaviour and are unacceptable.

Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and should be prepared to provide public access to such, if practicable, and should in any event, be prepared to retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.

Originality and Plagiarism

Authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others, this must be appropriately cited or quoted.

Multiple Publications

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.

Acknowledgment of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.

Authorship of The Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as contributors.

The Corresponding Author

The Corresponding Author is the author responsible for communicating with the journal for publication. The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate co-authors are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.

Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.

Peer Review

Authors are obliged to participate in the peer review process and have to promptly respond to editors’ requests for clarifications, access to raw data as well as required consents and copyright permissions. In case of a first decision of “revisions necessary”, authors should respond systematically to reviewers’ comments, in a timely manner, revising and re-submitting their manuscript to the journal

Fundamental Errors in Published Works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the Editor – In – Chief/Managing Editor and cooperate with the editors to retract or correct the paper.